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GEOL 252 - Historical Geology (with Lab)

Exam # 1 Study Guide - Fall 2016

exam date: Tuesday, September 20, 2016

Professor: Dr. Alessandro Grippo, Ph.D.

General InformationLast Updated  •  September 9, 2016    
  • You CAN NOT USE cellular phones, iPods, Blackberries, Bluetooth, headphones, computers, pocket calculators, translators or, in general, ANY KIND of electronic device during the test.
    All electronic devices MUST BE TURNED OFF: if a cell phone rings, or if a device is on during test time, you will not be allowed to finish your test and your result will be invalidated.

  • You can not use any text, notes, dictionary, pocket calculator, flash card, or any other source of information than your brain.

  • You will NOT need a ruler or a blue book for this test.

  • You will ONLY need to bring:
    1. one Scantron, Form 882-E
    2. a number 2 pencil
    3. an eraser

  • This study guide must be interpreted (literally) as a guide to the study of the subject and not as a listing of possible questions.

  • On this study guide, there is no additional or extra information compared to what has been said, discussed, shown, illustrated in class.

  • It is YOUR personal responsibility to cover the materials listed below on all books assigned to the class, on the web pages, and on your notes.

  • I would strongly recommend that you peruse your notes for completeness of information: some information that has been detailed in class is only mentioned briefly on the textbooks, and you are responsible for covering that; know what the key terms and the concepts are (see the list at the end of each chapter on both your textbook and your lab manual); exercise with the questions for review also found at the end of each chapter.

  • Read the summary at the end of each chapter, try to answer review questions, try to work with other fellow students if you find it useful.

  • Never hesitate to ask me questions in class or during the lab.

Jurassic ammonites from the Ammonitic Red Formation (Italian Alps)

Study Guide: part 1 - introductory powerpointLast Updated  •  September 9, 2016    
Study Guide: part 2 - LECTURELast Updated  •  September 9, 2016     

Chapter 1 - The Dynamic and Evolving Earth
Study the whole chapter

  1. Read "Introduction"
  2. Read "What is Geology?"
  3. Read "Historical gGeology and the Formulation of Theories"
  4. Know "Origin of the Universe and Solar System and Earth's Place in the Cosmos"
    1. Read "origin of the Universe - Did It Begin with a Big Bang?"
    2. Know "Our Solar System - Its Origin and Evolution"
    3. Know "Earth - Its Place in Our Solar System"
  5. Know "Why Earth Is a Dynamic and Evolving Planet"
  6. Know "Organic Evolution and the History of Life"
  7. Know "Geologic Time and Uniformitarianism"
  8. Know "How Does the Study of Historical Geology Benefit Us?"

Chapter 2 - Minerals and Rocks

  1. Know "Introduction"
  2. Know "Matter - What Is It?": Introduction; Elements and Atoms; Bonding and Compounds
  3. Know "Minerals - The Building Blocks of Rocks": Introduction; How Many Minerals Are There; Rock-Forming Minerals and the Rock Cycle
  4. Know "Igneous Rocks": Introduction; Composition and Texture; Classifying Igneous Rocks
  5. Know "Sedimentary Rocks": Introduction; Sediment Transport, Deposition, and Lithification; Classification of Sedimentary Rocks
  6. Know "Metamorphic Rocks": Introduction; What Causes Metamorphism?; Metamorphic Rocks Classification
  7. Know "Plate Tectonics and the Rock Cycle"
  8. Read "Economic Geology"

Chapter 3 - Plate Tectonics

  1. Read "Introduction"
  2. Know "Early Ideas About Continental Drift": Introduction; Alfred Wegener and the Continental Drift Hypothesis
  3. Know "What Is the Evidence for Continental Drift?": Introduction; Continental Fit; Similarity of Rock Sequences and Mountain Ranges; Glacial Evidence; Fossil evidence
  4. Know "Earth's Magnetic Field"
  5. Know "Magnetic Reversals and Seafloor Spreading"
  6. Know "Plate Tectonics: A Unifying Theory"
  7. Know "The Three Types of Plate Boundaries": Introduction, Divergent Boundaries; An Example of Ancient Rifting; Convergent Boundaries; Recognizing Ancient Convergent Plate Boundaries; Transform Boundaries
  8. Know "Hot Spots and Mantle Plumes"
  9. Know "How Are Plate Movement and Motion Determined?"
  10. Know "The Driving Mechanism of Plate Tectonics"
  11. Know "Plate Tectonics and Mountain Building"
  12. Know "Plate Tectonics and the Distribution of Life"
  13. Read "Plate Tectonics and the Distribution of Natural Resources"

Chapter 4 - Geologic Time

  1. Know "Introduction"
  2. Know "How Is Geologic Time Measured?"
  3. Know "Early Concepts of Geologic Time and Earth's Age"
  4. Know "James Hutton and the Recognition of Geologic Time" (integrate this section with your own notes from class)
  5. Know "Relative Dating Methods"
  6. Know "Numerical Methods": Introduction; Atoms, Elements, and Isotopes; Radioactive Decay and Half-Lives (I will not ask about alpha decay, beta decay, or electron capture); Sources of Uncertainty; Long-Lived Radioactive Isotope Pairs; Other Radioactive Isotope Pairs; Fission-Track Dating; radiocarbon and Tree-Ring Dating Methods (include Varves, as discussed in class)
  7. Know "Geologic Time and Climate Change"

Chapter 5 - Rocks, Fossils, and Time

  1. Know "Introduction"
  2. Know "Stratigraphy": Vertical Stratigraphic Relationships; Lateral Relationships - Facies; Marine Transgressions and Regressions; Extent, rates, and Causes of Marine Transgressions and Regressions
  3. Know "Fossils and Fossilization": Introduction; How Do Fossils Form?; Fossils and Relative Time
  4. Know "The Relative Geologic Time Scale" (refer also to the illustration on the Powerpoints: know all Eons, Eras, and Periods, and the epochs of the Cenozoic; Know numerical dates at the level of Eras)
  5. Know "Stratigraphic Terminology": Stratigraphic Units Defined by Their Content; Stratigraphic Units Expressing or Related to Geologic Time
  6. Know "Correlation"
  7. Know "Numerical Dates and the Relative Geologic Time Scale"

Study Guide: part 3 - LABLast Updated  •  September 9, 2016     

Chapter 6 - Sea-Floor Spreading and Plate Tectonics

You will NOT be asked to identify rock samples for this test.

  1. Know " An Overview of Sea-Floor Spreading and Plate Tectonics"
  2. Review the assignments (pages 55 and 56)
  3. Review "terms" (page 61)

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