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GEOL 252 - Historical Geology (with Lab)

Exam # 2 Study Guide - Fall 2016

exam date: Tuesday, November 8, 2016

Professor: Dr. Alessandro Grippo, Ph.D.

General InformationLast Updated  •  November 1, 2016    
  • You CAN NOT USE cellular phones, iPods, Blackberries, Bluetooth, headphones, computers, pocket calculators, translators or, in general, ANY KIND of electronic device during the test.
    All electronic devices MUST BE TURNED OFF: if a cell phone rings, or if a device is on during test time, you will not be allowed to finish your test and your result will be invalidated.

  • You can not use any text, notes, dictionary, pocket calculator, flash card, or any other source of information than your brain.

  • You will NOT need a ruler or a blue book for this test.

  • You will ONLY need to bring:
    1. one Scantron, Form 882-E
    2. a number 2 pencil
    3. an eraser

  • This study guide must be interpreted (literally) as a guide to the study of the subject and not as a listing of possible questions.

  • On this study guide, there is no additional or extra information compared to what has been said, discussed, shown, illustrated in class.

  • It is YOUR personal responsibility to cover the materials listed below on all books assigned to the class, on the web pages, and on your notes.

  • I would strongly recommend that you peruse your notes for completeness of information: some information that has been detailed in class is only mentioned briefly on the textbooks, and you are responsible for covering that; know what the key terms and the concepts are (see the list at the end of each chapter on both your textbook and your lab manual); exercise with the questions for review also found at the end of each chapter.

  • Read the summary at the end of each chapter, try to answer review questions, try to work with other fellow students if you find it useful.

  • Never hesitate to ask me questions in class or during the lab.

Jurassic ammonites from the Ammonitic Red Formation (Italian Alps)

Study Guide: part 1 - LECTURELast Updated  •  November 1, 2016     

Chapter 6 - Sedimentary Rocks, The Archives of Earth History
Study the whole chapter

  1. Know "Introduction"

  2. Know "Sedimentary Rocks Properties"
    • Introduction to the paragraph
    • Composition and Texture
    • Sedimentary Structures
    • Geometry of Sedimentary Rocks
    • Fossils - The Biologic Content of Sedimentary Rocks

  3. Know "Depositional Environments"
    • Introduction to the paragraph
    • Continental Environments
    • Transitional Environments
    • Marine Environments

  4. Know "Interpreting Depositional Environments"

  5. Know "Paleogeography"

  6. Review "Summary" (pages 126 and 127)

  7. Know "Important Terms" (page 128)

  8. Review the final questions (page 128)
Study Guide: part 2 - LABLast Updated  •  November 1, 2016     
These labs covered topics we discussed during lecture. While I did not insert those topics in the lecture section above, you are supposed to know these materials. You are encouraged to review the previous textbook chapters, notes, powerpoint ignorer to better understand the current materials form the following labs.
Review your answers to questions, using the keys available online

Chapter 1 - Introduction to Sedimentary Rocks

You might be asked to describe, identify, and interpret rock samples for this test.

  • Know "Basic Information"
  • Know "The Texture of Sedimentary Rocks"
  • Know "Matrix and Cements"
  • Know "Hardness"
  • Know "Color"
  • Know "Bedding"
  • Know all of the "Terms", pages 9 and 10

Chapter 2 - Textural Clues to the History of Sediment
  • Know "Particle Size and Sorting"
  • Know "Grain Shape"
  • Skip "Size Distribution of Coarse Gravel"
  • Skip "Questions for Discussions"
  • From "Terms" (page 18), know the following: chert, class, clastic, ooids, roundness, sorting, sphericity, winnow

Chapter 3 - Sedimentary Rocks Under the Microscope
  • Know "Basic Information"
    • Thin Sections
    • Acetate Peels
    • Preparation of Acetate Peels
  • Know "Textures of Sandstones"
    • Be able to locate and name a sandstone from the ternary diagram of Figure 3.4, page 21
    • See also notes on Sandstones
  • Know "Textures of Carbonate Rocks"
    • Make sure to know both Dunham's and Folk's carbonate classifications (and apply it to sample, if given some to identify)
    • See also notes on Carbonates
  • Know all of the "Terms", pages 26 and 27

Chapter 4 - Ancient Sedimentary Environments
  • Know "Environments of Deposition"
  • Know "Bedding and Related Features"
  • Know "Color"
  • Know all of the "Terms", pages 40 and 41

Chapter 5 - Tectonic Settings
  • Know "Tectonic Settings"
  • Know "The Tectonic Setting - Sedimentary Rock Connection"
  • Know "Facies and Associations of Beds"
  • Know "Summary of Associations and Settings"
  • Know all of the "Terms", page 52

Chapter 7 - Age Relations and Unconformity
  • Know "Criteria for Age Relations""
  • Skip "The Method of Multiple Working Hypotheses"
  • Know "Unconformity"
  • Know "Episodes of Precambrian History"
  • Know all of the "Terms", page 72

Chapter 9 - The Advance and retreat of Ancient Shorelines
  • Know "Paleogeography"
  • Know "Transgression and Regression of the Sea"
  • Know "Shorelines of Cambrian Time"
  • Know "Ancient Shorelines in the Book Cliffs of Utah"
  • Know all of the "Terms", pages 95 and 96

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