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GEOL 252 - Historical Geology (with Lab)

Exam # 3: Study Guide - Fall 2016

exam date: Tuesday, December 6, 2016

Professor: Dr. Alessandro Grippo, Ph.D.

General InformationLast Updated  •  December 2, 2016    
  • You CAN NOT USE cellular phones, iPods, Blackberries, Bluetooth, headphones, computers, pocket calculators, translators or, in general, ANY KIND of electronic device during the test.
    All electronic devices MUST BE TURNED OFF: if a cell phone rings, or if a device is on during test time, you will not be allowed to finish your test and your result will be invalidated.

  • You can not use any text, notes, dictionary, pocket calculator, flash card, or any other source of information than your brain.

  • You will NOT need a ruler or a blue book for this test.

  • You will ONLY need to bring:
    1. one Scantron, Form 882-E
    2. a number 2 pencil
    3. an eraser

  • This study guide must be interpreted (literally) as a guide to the study of the subject and not as a listing of possible questions.

  • On this study guide, there is no additional or extra information compared to what has been said, discussed, shown, illustrated in class.

  • It is YOUR personal responsibility to cover the materials listed below on all books assigned to the class, on the web pages, and on your notes.

  • I would strongly recommend that you peruse your notes for completeness of information: some information that has been detailed in class is only mentioned briefly on the textbooks, and you are responsible for covering that; know what the key terms and the concepts are (see the list at the end of each chapter on both your textbook and your lab manual); exercise with the questions for review also found at the end of each chapter.

  • Read the summary at the end of each chapter, try to answer review questions, try to work with other fellow students if you find it useful.

  • Never hesitate to ask me questions in class or during the lab.

Jurassic ammonites from the Ammonitic Red Formation (Italian Alps)

Study Guide: part 1 - LECTURELast Updated  •  December 2, 2016     

Chapter 7 - Evolution, The Theory and Its Supporting Evidence
Study the whole chapter

  1. Know "Introduction"

  2. Know "Evolution: What Does It Mean?"
    • Introduction to the paragraph
    • Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck's Ideas About Evolution
    • Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace on Evolution
    • What Is the Significance of Natural Selection?

  3. Know "Mendel and the Birth of Genetics"
    • Introduction to the paragraph
    • Mendel's Experiments
    • Genes and Chromosomes

  4. Know "The Modern View of Evolution"
    • Introduction to the paragraph
    • What Brings About Variation?
    • Speciation and the Rate of Evolution
    • Divergent, Convergent, and Parallel Evolution
    • Mosaic Evolution and Evolutionary Trends
    • Simply read Cladistics and Cladograms (no questions on test)
    • Extinctions

  5. Read "What Kind of Evidence Support Evolutionary Theory?" (no questions on test)

  6. Know "Fosils: What Do We Learn From Them?"
    • Introduction to the paragraph
    • Missing Links - Are They Really Missing?
    • The Evidence - A Summary

  7. Review "Summary" (pages 149 and 150)

  8. Know "Important Terms" (page 150)

  9. Review the final questions (page 150)
Study Guide: part 2 - LABLast Updated  •  December 2, 2016     
These labs covered topics we discussed during lecture. While I did not insert those topics in the lecture section above, you are supposed to know these materials. You are encouraged to review the previous textbook chapters, notes, powerpoint in order to better understand the current materials form the following labs. To this purpose, please review also labs 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7.
Review your answers to questions, using the keys available online

Chapter 6 - Sea-Floor Spreading and Plate Tectonics

  • Know "An Overview of Sea-Floor Spreading and Plate Tectonics"
  • Know "Verification of Sea-Floor Spreading"
  • Know all of the "Terms", page 61

Chapter 8 - Rock Units and Time-Rock Units
  • Know "History of a Lake"
    • Recognition of Rock Units, or Formations
    • Fossils
    • Correlation of Rock Units
    • Correlation of Time-Rock Units
    • Inferred History of the Basin
  • Know "The Standard Geologic Column"
  • Read "Absolute Age Determination" (we did not work on these exercises, but we covered these materials during lecture)
  • Know "Magnetostratigraphy: Using Magnetic Reversals to Correlate Time-Rock Units"
    • The Earth's Magnetism (see also the proper powerpoint notes used for lecture)
    • How Do Rocks Record the Earth's Magnetism?
    • Magnetic Reversals, the Key to Magnetostratigraphy
  • Review "Formations of the Colorado Plateau"
    • The Grand Canyon of the Colorado River
    • Capitol Reef National Monument
  • Know all of the "Terms", page 88

Chapter 9 - The Advance and retreat of Ancient Shorelines
  • Know "Paleogeography"
  • Know "Transgression and Regression of the Sea"
  • Review "Shorelines of Cambrian Times"
  • Review "Ancient Shorelines in the Book Cliffs of Utah" (we did not work on these exercises, but we covered these materials during lecture)
  • Know all of the "Terms", pages 95 and 96

Chapter 10 - Fossils and Their Living relatives: Protists, Sponges, Corals, Bryozoans, and Brachiopods
  • Know "What is a Fossil"
  • Know "Preservation of Fossils" (see also the proper powerpoint notes used for lecture)
  • Review "Classification and Nomenclature" (you should the names and what organisms belong to the three Domains, and the four Kingdoms)
  • Know "Stromatolites"
  • Know "Fossils and Living Protists"
    • Introduction
    • Coccolithophores
    • Diatoms
    • skipReceptaculids
    • Foraminiferida
    • Radiolaria
  • Skip "Sponges"
  • Skip "Corals and Related Cnidarians"
  • Skip "The Bryozoa"
  • Skip "The Brachiopoda"
  • Know the following "Terms", from pages 126 and 127: algae, aperture, benthonic, carbonization, cast, coccolithophores, coccoliths, coccosphere, diatoms, disasters, all the Domains, foraminifers, fossil, index fossil, mold, per mineralization, petrification, planktonic, radiolaria, replacement, species, symbiosis, test

Chapter 11 - Fossils and Their Living relatives: Mollusks, Arthropods, Echinoderms, Graptolites, and Plants

Skip the whole chapter

Chapter 12 - Fossils Indicators of Age, Environment, and Correlation

  • Know "Fossils and Age Determination"
  • Know "Biozones and Biostratigraphy" (we did not work on these exercises, but we covered these materials during lecture)
  • Skip "A Graphic Method of Correlation"
  • Skip "Interpretation of an Outcrop in Southern Illinois"
  • Skip "Interpretation of an Outcrop in Central Illinois"
  • Know "Fossils and Paleoenvironments" (we did not work on these exercises, but we covered these materials during lecture)
  • Know "The Habitat of Marine Life"
  • Read "Invertebrate Trace Fossils" (there will be no questions out of this section)
  • Know all of the "Terms", pages 175 and 176

Chapter 13 - A Brief Survey of the Vertebrates

Skip the whole chapter

Chapter 14 - Geologic Maps and Geologic Structures
See also the proper powerpoint notes used for lecture

  • Know "Introduction""
  • Know "Attitude, Strike, and Dip"
  • Know "Folds"
  • Know "Faults"
  • Skip "Geologic Maps and Geologic Structure Sections"
  • Skip "Geologic Map of The Athens Quadrangle, Tennessee"
  • Skip "Mapping Horizontal Beds"
  • Skip "Mapping Folded Beds"
  • Skip "Structure Contour Maps"
  • Know all of the "Terms", pages 218 and 219

Chapter 15 - Canadian Shield and Basement Rocks of North America
  • Know "The Basement Rocks"
  • Skip the rest of this chapter
  • Know all of the "Terms", page 234

Chapter 16 - Mountain Belts of North America
  • Know "Hypothesis for the Origin of Mountain Belts"
  • Skip the rest of this chapter, except for Figure 16.4 (Appalachian belt in Pennsylvania), pages 239 and 240
  • Know all of the "Terms", page 245

Chapter 17 - The Interior Plains and Plateaus
  • Know "Major Structural Features"
  • Skip the rest of this chapter, except for "Submergence of the Ozark Dome", pages 254 and 255
  • Know all of the "Terms", pages 255 and 256

Chapter 18 - Identification of Minerals

Skip the whole chapter

Chapter 19 - Igneous Rocks

Skip the whole chapter

Chapter 20 - Metamorphic Rocks

Skip the whole chapter

Study Guide: part 3 - FIELD ACTIVITIESLast Updated  •  December 2, 2016     

Field Trip 1 - Sedimentary Environments
Review the Field Trip key

Field Trip 2 - Sedimentary Rocks: Principles of Stratigraphy, Unconformities, Correlation, Facies, Sedimentary Structures, and more
Review the Field Trip key

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